Theories of Evolution

(Pope John Paul & Sheldon Vanauken)

Rather than the theory of evolution, we should speak of several theories of evolution. On the one hand, this plurality has to do with the different explanations advanced for the mechanism of evolution, and on the other, with the various philosophies on which it is based. Hence the existence of materialist, reductionist and spiritualist interpretations. What is to be decided here is the true role of philosophy and beyond it, of theology. --Pope John Paul II, "Message to the Pontifical Academy of Science on Evolution," October 22, 1996. (Quoted by Francis Canavan Problems with Evolution New Oxford Review April, 1997.)


Evolution: What the Pope Said by James Akin

George Sim Johnston points out some of the scientific and philosophical difficulties with Darwinism

This Rock featured an interesting quote from Sheldon Vanauken stating that the evolution debate "is often considered, not without a measure of truth, as being between atheistic and arrogant scientists and faithful but ignorant Christians. There are genuine weaknesses in both arguments, and each side has perhaps not only too narrow a view of the other but too narrow a view of itself. The creationists (he was referring to the Fundamentalists who have adopted the name) by their very name suggest, regrettably, that there is no way but theirs to believe in divine creation, and the evolutionists believe that their faith in 'chance mutations through a mechanistic material selection' destroys the possibility of God's action."

Review of Darwin on Trial

Is Darwinism a Religion? (Catholic World Report article)

Evolution - a Philosophy Naturalism Masquerading as Science?

Hawking, Galileo and the Pope

Response to Question about Evolution